Print ISSN: 2790-0207

Online ISSN: 2790-0215

Keywords : Breast cancer


Breast Conservative Surgery vs. Modified Radical Mastectomy: The Commonest Surgical Practice to Treat Breast Cancer Patients among Surgeons in Kirkuk City

Isam A. Ali; Alaa Othman sedeeq; Hazim S. Ahmed

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2018, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 117-124

Background: Worldwide breast-conserving surgery (BCS) became more common than mastectomy in treating breast cancer patients after the National Institutes of Health Consensus Statement in 1990. Objective: To evaluate the preferred surgical procedures used by surgeons in Kirkuk city. Methods: A total of 104 patients with breast cancer underwent surgery (BCS vs. Mastectomy) collected from Kirkuk General Hospital, Azadi Teaching Hospital and Kirkuk Oncology Center from June 2015 to August 2017. Results: Mean age of patients with breast cancer in this studied were 47.3±9.2 years. Two thirds of patients were premenopausal and a third was postmenopausal. The presenting stage at diagnosis of breast cancer patients was (17.3% stage I, 36.6% stage II, 42.3% stage III, and 3.8% stage IV). Three quarter of patients with breast cancer underwent mastectomy and only one quarter underwent Breast Conservative. Mastectomy rate per staging was: (10.5% stage I, 21% stage II, 36% stage III, and 2.8% stage IV), while BCS rate per staging was: 7.7% stage I, 17.3% stage II, 2.8% stage III, and 1.9% stage IV). Conclusions: Mastectomy is most common surgical procedure in treating breast cancer patients regardless to disease staging among surgeons in Kirkuk city.

Knowledge of Women Attending Two Primary Health Care Centers / Sulaimany City/Iraq Regarding Breast Cancer

Bushra Muhammed Ali

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2013, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 81-91

Background: Breast cancer in Iraq is the most dangerous disease which has the highest incidence that threats women lives in Iraq for the last twenty years. Objectives: To assess the knowledge level of women about breast cancer in relation to some socio-demographic and other relevant factors. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study included women attending Ibrahim Pasha and Ali Kamal Health Centers/Sulaimany City. Data were collected by self-administered and interviewing questionnaires from 1st October to 31th December 2012. Total number of the women was 802. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 19.0. Results: There was a significant association between the knowledge score of breast cancer risk factors and protective factors (P=0.001) with the age and level of education. There is a significant association between those with knowledge score of risk factors and protective factors of breast cancer and history of breast mass (P= 0.045, family history of breast mass (P= 0.042). There is a significant association between knowledge score of symptoms of breast cancer and age (P= 0.001) occupation (P= 0.0002), marital status (P= 0.041), those with use of hormonal replacement therapy (P= 0.016) and had history of breast infection (P= 0.031). Conclusion: Participants had an accepted knowledge about breast cancer. There was a significant association between the knowledge level of women about breast cancer in relation to some socio-demographic, and other relevant factors.