Print ISSN: 2790-0207

Online ISSN: 2790-0215

Keywords : Migraine

The Elecroencephalographic Study Findings in Patients with Migraine without Aura

Wafaa Raoof Rashid

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 95-97

Background: There are different EEG findings in patients with migraine without aura, but still the majority of patients have normal EEG recordings. Aim of the study: To evaluate EEG abnormalities in patients with migraine without aura. Methods: Thirty patients with common migraine are evaluated by EEG test. Age of patients rage from 18-45 years, eighteen of them was females and twelve were males. EEG was performed during headache and as soon as possible after attacks of headache. Results: Out of the 30 patients who are studied, only 6(20%) show EEG changes, 4 females and 2 males, while the rest 24(80%) migraineurs had normal EEG. Of the 6 patients with EEG changes, 3 have left sided headache, 2 right sided headache and one bilateral headache. The EEG findings was slow waves in 4 patients (50%), sharp waves in 3 patients (37.5%), and spike in one patient (12.5%). The sites of EEG changes were 4 in frontal area, 3 in occipital area and 2 in temporal area. Bilateral EEG changes present in all 6 patients. Conclusion: Our study shows significant EEG abnormalities in a good proportion of patients with migraine without aura, but these findings are not specific and cannot replace clinical and neurologic diagnosis.

Psychiatric Comorbidity of Migraine: A descriptive Study

Saadoun Dawood Ahmed

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2015, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 13-21

Background: Migraine is frequently associated with psychiatric disorders and comorbidity with psychiatric disorders raises the global burden of migraine. Objectives: To detect psychiatric comorbidity in patients suffering from migraine. Patients and Methods: A descriptive study involving 192 patients with migraine who fulfilled the International Classification of Headache Disorders-2 2004 (ICHD-2). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders, 4th Text Revised (DSM-IVTR) was used to classify the psychiatric disorders, among them. All patients were interviewed by means of the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) for identification of the content of obsessive compulsive symptoms. Results: The majority of the migraineurs were with throbbing unilateral headache (79.1%), (31.3%) of the patients were with one per month in frequency of attack and (41.7%) of them had family history of migraine. The provoking factors of the attack were reported in (37.5%) of the migrainerurs.(75%) of the patients had psychiatric disorders. The commonest psychiatric disorders were generalized anxiety disorder (31.25%) followed by depressive disorder (19.8%). 
Conclusion :(75%) of patients with migraine of the present study had psychiatric disorders.