Print ISSN: 2790-0207

Online ISSN: 2790-0215

Keywords : Diabetes

Association between diabetic macular edema and ischemic Heart diseases in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Moatasm Mushtak Muhammed; Hayder Al talaqani

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2021, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 1-14

Introduction: Diabetic macular edema is the most important cause of visual loss in diabetic patients.
Aim of study: To evaluate the association between Ischemic heart diseases and diabetic macular edema in type two diabetes mellitus patients by assessing the severity of visual impairment, assessment of central macular thickness and macular cystoid changes by ocular coherence tomography when both diseases coexist.
Patients and methods: In this study, total of (128) patients studied and classified into two groups , (64) patients were in the first group whom have Ischemic heart diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus, those compared with a second group of another (64) patients whom have type 2 diabetes mellitus without Ischemic heart event. Visual acuity, cystoid macular edema by ocular coherence tomography, central macular thickness by ocular coherence tomography compared between two groups.
Results: In this study, we noticed that 77.4 % of studied eyes with visual acuity of 6/60 or worse were in first group with a significant association. Regarding ocular coherence tomography results, 80.8 % of studied patients with bilateral cystoid macular edema also were in first group with a significant association.
Regarding central macular thickness, the mean was higher in first group (330.96±133.79) as compared with second group (284.03±93.26) with a significant association (p=0.001).
Conclusion: Comparison between two groups revealed significant association between ischemic heart diseases and severity of visual acuity impairment with more sever ocular coherence tomography findings in the first group.

Study the Relation between Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus among Hospital Attendants in Erbil City

Layla A. Bakir; Karwan H. Sulaiman

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2018, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 136-143

Background and Objectives: Being overweight or obese increases the chances of developing the common type of diabetes, type 2 diabetes. In this disease, the body makes enough insulin but the cells in the body have become resistant to the salutary action of insulin. Information on such public health issues would provide evidence based data to develop guidelines and policies on this subject. The aim of this study was to study the relation between obesity and diabetes mellitus among patient‘s attendants in Erbil city during a period of one year starting from the first of April 2017 to the first of April 2018. Methods: A cross-sectional study included 198 people selected from Erbils outpatient clinics (included two teaching hospitals and two primary health care centers). During a period of one year starting from the first of April 2017 to the first of April 2018. Patient's body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2 were included in the study. A questionnaire was used to collect the data by face to face interview with the patients. Results: The total number of the sample was 198 people. Their mean age + SD were 43.49 + 11.61 years. The median was 43 years and the age range was 19 to 65 years, (54.5%) of the samples were females, the male: female ratio was0.83:1. The occurrence of diabetes in the studied sample was (18.7%). It increased from (14.3%), to (20.4%), and to (23.3%) among those with BMI of 30-34, 35-39, and ≥ 40 Kg/m2 respectively. Conclusions: There was relation between diabetes and increased body mass index the more the body mass index the more the occurrence of diabetes. The occurrence increased significantly with the age of the studied sample and it is significantly higher among the unemployed and among those who have other medical diseases, it was higher among female. We found non- significant association between diabetes with both exercise and smoking.