Print ISSN: 2790-0207

Online ISSN: 2790-0215

Keywords : Kirkuk City

Anemia in Pregnant Women in Kirkuk Governorate

Mohammed Ali Khalaf; Dalia Maher Khider; Bilal Jamal Kamal

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 78-85

Background: Anemia is defined as hemoglobin levels of ≤ 11 g/dl , is one of the world's leading causes of disability , and thus one of the most serious global public health problems .More than (50%) of the pregnant women in the world are anemic. Knowledge about the anemia is very important in our community. This knowledge will encourage those who work in primary health care (PHCS) provider for pregnant women to detect the problem earlier and treat the problem properly.
Aims: Is to determine the effective factors related to anemia in pregnant women in Kirkuk governorate. Patient & Method: A total of 250 pregnant women were asked while attending antenatal unit in Azadi Teaching Hospital and several Primary Health Centers in Kirkuk City out patients clinic from 25.10. 2014 to1.3.2015. Data were taken involve: age, residency, educational level, history of last menstrual period, onset of anemia and level of hemoglobin (Hb). These data were organized in special questionnaire prepared for this purpose.
Results: From the total (250) pregnant women (61.6%) of them have low Hemoglobin (Hb) level mild, moderate or severe anemia the majority of them (75.33%) with mild anemia. according to severity the rate was (3.2%).
Conclusions and Recommendations: The prevalence of anemia among women in Kirkuk city during pregnancy is high (61.6%) in compare to (52%) in the world wide in developing countries.

The Prevalence of Viral Hepatitis B and C among Multitransfused Thalassaemic Patients in Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk City

DilshadSabir Mohammed; Amanj Mohammed Salih; Mohammed FatihHaseeb

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2014, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 1-6

Background: Patients with thalassemia major are at high risk of hepatitis C and B due to the blood transfusion from donors infected by HCV and HBV. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the major cause of post-transfusion hepatitis infection (PTH). Objective: The aim of this study is to detect the prevalence of anti-HCV antibodies and HBs Ag and risk factors in multitransfused thalassemic patients in Kirkuk city to establish better preventive strategies. Patients and Methods: This study is conducted in Kirkuk city from Nov 2012 to March 2013 for HCV and HBV infection. A structured interview questionnaire is developed by the trained researcher to collect the demographic and risk factors. Statistical analysis was done by Chi-square test. Results: The prevalence of HCV is estimated to be (17.8%) and this is increased with increasing the requirement for blood transfusion in splenectomized patients while only (2.0%) is positive for HBV infection. Conclusion: The study shows a higher prevalence of HCV infection among multitransfused thalassemic patients with increasing requirement for blood transfusion in splenectomized patients.