Print ISSN: 2790-0207

Online ISSN: 2790-0215

Keywords : Erbil city

Study the Relation between Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus among Hospital Attendants in Erbil City

Layla A. Bakir; Karwan H. Sulaiman

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2018, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 136-143

Background and Objectives: Being overweight or obese increases the chances of developing the common type of diabetes, type 2 diabetes. In this disease, the body makes enough insulin but the cells in the body have become resistant to the salutary action of insulin. Information on such public health issues would provide evidence based data to develop guidelines and policies on this subject. The aim of this study was to study the relation between obesity and diabetes mellitus among patient‘s attendants in Erbil city during a period of one year starting from the first of April 2017 to the first of April 2018. Methods: A cross-sectional study included 198 people selected from Erbils outpatient clinics (included two teaching hospitals and two primary health care centers). During a period of one year starting from the first of April 2017 to the first of April 2018. Patient's body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2 were included in the study. A questionnaire was used to collect the data by face to face interview with the patients. Results: The total number of the sample was 198 people. Their mean age + SD were 43.49 + 11.61 years. The median was 43 years and the age range was 19 to 65 years, (54.5%) of the samples were females, the male: female ratio was0.83:1. The occurrence of diabetes in the studied sample was (18.7%). It increased from (14.3%), to (20.4%), and to (23.3%) among those with BMI of 30-34, 35-39, and ≥ 40 Kg/m2 respectively. Conclusions: There was relation between diabetes and increased body mass index the more the body mass index the more the occurrence of diabetes. The occurrence increased significantly with the age of the studied sample and it is significantly higher among the unemployed and among those who have other medical diseases, it was higher among female. We found non- significant association between diabetes with both exercise and smoking.

The Incidence of Unexplained Subfertility and its Relation with Age and Antisperm Antibodies among Infertile Couples in Erbil City

Sahar Mohammed Zaki Abdulla

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2014, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 22-26

Background: Unexplained subfertility (UI) is a term applied to an infertile couple whose standard investigations yield normal results. The diagnosis of UI is one of exclusion. Aims and objectives: 1. To find any other causes of UI. 2. To know distribution of patients with UI according to the age 3. To detect Anti Sperm Antibodies (ASAs) in both serum of couples and in the semen of male partner and its relation with UI. Patients and methods: The study carried out in Erbil In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and subfertility care center from November 2009-September 2010 and (157) couples (explained and unexplained) were participated in this study and classified according to the cause of subfertility. A serum samples from 33 couples for both male and female, and 33 semen samples were examined for the presence of ASAs by using Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay technique (ELISA ). Results: From those (157) couples the incidence of UI was seen in 33 couples (21%) and the high percentage of infertile couples were age around (26-35) years. The mean age for both male and female was (33.64, 28.64) years respectively. The ASAs were foundin 5out 33 couples (15.16%), in female serum 8(24.24%) while in the semen was 18(54.55%) Conclusions: The age of male and female has effect on both the subfertility and fecundity and there is a relation between female age and subfertility. ASAs could be a cause for subfertility and ASAs found in couples with UI