Print ISSN: 2790-0207

Online ISSN: 2790-0215

Keywords : Kirkuk governorate

Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia (I.D.A.) among 6-24 Months Old Children Admitted to Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk Governorate in 2019

May Muhammad Shareef; Suhair Shareef Abdulkareem; Jameel Ibrahim Azeez

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 105-112

Background: Iron deficiency anemia is a common nutritional problem worldwide and present in developing countries more than developed country. Aims: 1. To assess how widespread is the Iron deficiency anemia among anemic children between 6 -24 months of age. 2. Study the significant relation of age, sex, and residence of children and education status of the mother of a child with I.D.A. 3. To illustrate the relation of feeding practices and the development of I.D.A. and the relation between nutritional status (Weight for age) of children and I.D.A. 4. To study the relation between gestational age and development of I.D.A. Patients and methods: This study is performed in Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk pediatric department during 2019 to investigate the prevalence of IDA in children between six months and 2 years of age. A detailed history taken and physical examination done. serum iron, total iron binding capacity and serum ferritin were checked for the anemic cases. Results: A total of (90) cases, 60 cases of them (66%) had anemia (P.C.V. less than 33%). Iron deficiency anemia constitutes 50 cases (55.5%) of all cases of anemia. The cases came to hospital complaining from pallor and poor appetite. The peak age incidence of I.D.A. was between 6-12 months of age. There was no great variation between affected males and females. Most of the cases (32) (64%) were referred from rural areas. It was noticed that artificial feeding was a common feeding practice in most of the cases. Seventy percent of cases were under 10th centile of their weight for age. A large numbers of mothers had low educational level .Also the mean age of early introduction of food was (5-12) month. Conclusion: 1. Peak age of Iron deficiency anemia (I.D.A) is between 6-12 months of age. 2. Iron deficiency anemia is more common among rural children. 3. The majority of infants with I.D.A. were underweight. 4. Early introduction of food from 6 months of age with bad nutritional supplement with no iron contents can lead to I.D.A.

Epidemiology of Acute Coronary Syndrome in Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk Governorate

Sunbul Adnan Mohammed Baqir; Suzan Nooraldeen Ibrahim; Jameel Ibrahim Azeez

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2018, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 89-102

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD), the principal manifestation of cardiovascular diseases, is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts that by 2020, CHD will become the world‘s most important cause of death, disability and premature death. The major factors are an elevated cholesterol level, hypertension, smoking, genetic factors, a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, and diabetes; and the risk increase with age. Adequate control and well awareness of cardiovascular disease risk factors and health habits are important for preventing CHD. Objective: 1- To make a change of morbidity of CHD by education. 2- To evaluate the health-related quality of life in development of ACS. Patients and Methods: A hospital based case-control study was conducted in the Coronary Care Unit (CCU), which is located in Kirkuk (Azadi Teaching Hospital); from March 2017 to September 2017. The study included 180 cases of coronary heart disease and 180 age and sex matched controls. All the participants were interviewed with special questionnaire form. In addition, the weight and height were measured and the fasting lipid profile was sent to the laboratory of same hospital for all participants. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20.0 was used for data analysis. Results: The males accounts two third of cases, 112(62.2%) in comparison to females 68(37.8 %); 63(35 %) of the cases were in the age group (70-79) years. About (54.7%) of all participants were unemployed, (68.3%) had low education and (38.3%) with low income. The study showed a statistical significant association between the following risk factors and educational level: hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, economic level, occupation, and alcohol consumption. Conclusion: Overall there is a significant relation between educational level and risk of developing CHD. The prevalence of CHD was more common in age group (≥ 60) years and the males were more likely to be affected; hypertension is the most prevalent risk and then diabetes mellitus, occupation respectively.

Depression among Pregnant Women of Displaced Families in Kirkuk Governorate

Saadoun Dawood Ahmed

Kirkuk Journal of Medical Sciences, 2015, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 63-71

Background: Major depression is twice more common in women than in men and frequently clusters during the childbearing years. Depression is one of the most common complications in pregnancy. Displacement with the whole family correlated with: heavier depressive disorder in general, deeper depressive mood, higher suicidality rate and poor sense of efficacy. 
Objectives: The aim of the study is to determine the frequency of depressive disorder among pregnant women of displaced familises. 
Patients and Methods: This study consists of 88 pregnant women of any gestational age, of displaced families from four governorates which are Diyala, Salahuddin, Nineveh and Al-Anbar and from Al-Hawija District which is a district of the Kirkuk governorate, where armed groups have taken control of all these areas, compared with 88 control pregnant of indigenous families, matched for sociodemographic, age, parity, gestational age and educational background. The clients selected randomly from primary health care centers in Kirkuk city. The study was conducted during the period between, October 2014 and July 2015. The Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) was used to detect prenatal depression. 
Results: The highest frequency of depressive symptoms with significant difference (pvalue<0.001) were among pregnant women of displaced families (48.86%) than pregnant women of indigenous families (22.7%). 
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, about (48.86%) of pregnant women of displaced families experience depressive disorder during antenatal period. Given the potential impact of antenatal mental disturbances on maternal and infant outcomes.